Planning to enhance your data of contemporary artwork by admiring Antoni Gaudí‘s most well-known buildings and artworks however not sure the place to begin? Properly, you’re in the fitting place since we all know the place to seek out his most spectacular works of structure. Listed here are essentially the most well-known buildings by Gaudí that you need to plan to see!
The Most Iconic Buildings and Paintings by Antoni Gaudí
Earlier than we study concerning the structure, it is very important perceive the artist. So, let’s speak briefly about Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí, who was was born in 1852 in Reus (Cataluña). He certified as an architect in 1878 and began engaged on many recognizable tasks round Barcelona and Spain.
Furthermore, Gaudí obtained the patronage of the Güell household, who was one of many driving forces behind Catalan trade and economic system. This relationship inbuilt a robust admiration for Catalan tradition shall be essential for Gaudí’s success and legacy as an artist.
Gaudí established himself as an progressive architect (and even artist) and meaning his model is commonly tough to outline and even perceive. It additionally makes his artwork fairly fascinating. In line with Britannica, he died early in 1926 when a tram hit him whereas strolling not removed from La Sagrada Família in Barcelona—his best masterpiece.
As an aged man, Gaudí grew to become extremely insular and let himself go. Sadly, this meant that he seemed like a beggar when the accident occurred, so nobody got here to his help. In consequence, he was finally taken to a hospital for the poor the place he died unidentified and alone. His stays lie within the crypt at La Sagrada Família in honor of his accomplishments.
1900-09 | Modernist Manor Home | Barcelona (Cataluña)
This church is often known as Casa Figueres, because of the identify of its proprietor within the twentieth century: Jaume Figueres. Jaume had been an ideal admirer of Gaudí, so when he died, his spouse María commissioned this work on his behalf. This Gaudí constructing is situated in a district of Barcelona, from which you get a tremendous view of the town. The truth is, the identify “bellesguard” means lovely sight.
In line with writer Hugo Kliczkowski, the land on which Bellesguard was constructed used to belong to the royalty of Barcelona till the fifteenth century. Due to this fact, Gaudí needed to convey that medieval aesthetic to the design. He additionally revered the few archaeological stays dotted throughout the panorama.
The supplies used are nothing terribly particular—simply brick and stone. However of your entire constructing, essentially the most exceptional characteristic that makes this a well-liked website is the tower: Torre Bellesguard.
As well as, the inside design of the property follows a extra modernist model as an alternative of the neogothic aesthetic of the façade of the constructing. In line with Carles Rius, Gaudí may need begin experimenting with a number of the geometric parts fashionable in his aesthetic at Bellesguard, as a observe run for what he did at Sagrada Família.
10. Episcopal Palace in Astorga
1889-1913 | Catalan Modernisme Palace | Astorga (Castilla y León)
In line with authors Cristina Montes and Aurora Cuito, this palace was a problematic mission from the start. The earlier episcopal palace suffered from fireplace harm, so then-bishop Joan Baptista Grau i Vallespinos commissioned the brand new palace building to Gaudí.
Though the bishop beloved the ideas, the episcopal committee in Madrid most actually didn’t. Since they needed to approve each facet of this mission, it was a relentless battle.
Kliczkowski, Montes, and Cuito additionally agree that Gaudí ended up making a extra fashionable constructing that resembled a medieval fortress, with many gothic parts which had been attribute of his architectural model. Moreover, the usage of stone from the area of El Bierzo (native to Astorga) helped it harmonize with the final panorama of the town.
After the bishop died, Gaudí stop the mission since he discovered it not possible to liaise with the episcopal council with out his patron and advocate. Ultimately, Ricardo Garcia Guereta completed the constructing in 1913, as famous by the official Antoni Gaudi web site.
The newer historical past of this constructing shouldn’t be as religiously related. Through the Spanish Civil Warfare, it grew to become the headquarters for the Francoist celebration la Falange. And these days, it’s a museum about El Camino de Santiago.
Location: Episcopal Palace
9. Casa Botines
1891-92 | Modernist Constructing | León (Castilla y León)
This is likely one of the few examples of Gaudí’s work you could see exterior of Barcelona and Cataluña. Situated within the metropolis centre of León, the constructing is at present a museum about Gaudí, artwork, and the constructing itself.
Casa Botines stands supreme within the in any other case historically Castilian look of the town. Nonetheless, the artist borrowed from the town’s medieval previous and gave the constructing and general neogothic aesthetic.
Nevertheless, in line with Jeremy Roe, the factor that introduced Gaudí to León was the patrons of this constructing: Simón Fernández and Mariano Andrés who had been Catalan retailers. The necessity to specific their Catalan identification is clearly represented by the statue of St. George (patron saint of Catalunya), proper above the principle entrance to the constructing.
Roe additionally notes how fascinating the constructing is since Casa Botines isn’t just a residential house. Two flooring had been flats, however the floor ground and basement served industrial functions for Simón and Mariano’s textile enterprise. This constructing is price visiting because it reveals situations of the complicated Spanish social panorama of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Location: Casa Botines
8. El Capricho (Villa Quijano)
1883-85 | Modernist Rural Villa | Comillas (Cantabria)
El Capricho is considered one of simply two homes that Gaudí made within the countryside of Spain. Furthermore, it’s considered one of his oldest artworks. In line with historians Garcia i Aranzueque and Montes, the proprietor of this property (Máximo Diaz Quijano) needed Gaudí to create a home suited to his bachelor way of life. This seemingly whimsical strategy to the mission is what gave Villa Quijano its most well-known pseudonym of El Capricho (The Whim).
Moreover, they argue that it’s at El Capricho, the place we begin seeing Gaudí’s desire for curved traces and his use of orientalism mixed with medievalism. The truth is, lots of people examine the tower to a minaret.
Furthermore, it confirmed his dedication to his tasks. For instance, he took the approach to life of his shopper into consideration along with the chilly and wet local weather of Cantabria, plus its rural atmosphere. Lastly, Roe additionally means that El Capricho is essential in Gaudí’s profession since he additionally designed the backyard. Its design would function a basis for future Parc Güell.
Location: El Capricho de Gaudí
7. Colònia Güell
1898-1914 | Catalan Modernisme Constructing Advanced | Santa Coloma de Cervelló (Cataluña)
Though he by no means accomplished this mission, it’s maybe one of the vital fascinating ones of his works. Historian Jeremy Roe notes that the development began in 1908, however in 1914 the patron Eusebi Güell died, so the mission ended. Curiously sufficient, the precise planning and design of the complicated itself began virtually a decade earlier than its building.
The aim of this constructing was to accommodate the employees from a manufacturing facility that Eusebi Güell owned close to this space. This was really a pioneering enterprise for each Güell and Gaudí. Gaudí used nature as inspiration to develop this complicated, which he envisioned as being natural and fluid, and developed a few of his most well-known methods right here.
These methods embody the catenary arches, curved partitions, and vaults, in addition to his ornamental damaged mosaic tiling, generally known as trencadís. Nevertheless, essentially the most celebrated a part of this complicated is the crypt.
In line with Roe, its form resembles a tortoiseshell from the surface. However from inside, Roe states that it resembles extra of the twisted skeleton of a snake. The crypt is so iconic that it made it to the UNESCO World Heritage listing together with many different works by Gaudí.
Location: Colònia Güell
6. Casa Vicens
1878-1885 | Modernist Constructing | Barcelona (Cataluña)
This was Gaudí’s first home property and arguably his first “essential” mission. This can be a somewhat imposing constructing with 4 tales. Writer Jeremy Roe notes that Gaudí had already began the designs for this home within the late 1870s, although building didn’t begin till 1883. That is additionally the identical interval when he was working at El Capricho.
You’ll be able to see the similarities between the 2 buildings with the usage of ceramic cladding. The colorful and placing façade is likely one of the the explanation why that is considered one of Gaudí’s most well-known buildings and has prompted sensation because the late nineteenth century.
Curiously, straight traces are frequent on this constructing, regardless of his desire for curves which seem extra prominently in a few of his later works. Another excuse this constructing is somewhat well-known is partly because of the richness of its inside ornament. Among the best examples for admiring the inside design work is the smoking room.
This consideration to inside element reveals that Gaudí was greater than an architect. He was additionally an ideal designer and artist. Furthermore, from an architectural standpoint, Roe highlights that this constructing reveals nicely Gaudí’s mastery of orientalism as a type of artwork and architectural composition.
Particularly, plainly this was Gaudí’s interpretation of a Spanish artwork pattern referred to as neo-mudejar. This was a Moorish revival model fashionable through the nineteenth century in many of the Iberian peninsula. Allegedly, he took inspiration straight from the well-known Alhambra Palace in Granada, and you may examine that palace right here.
Location: Casa Vicens
5. Palau Güell
1886-1890 | Catalan Modernisme Mansion | Barcelona (Cataluña)
Film buffs might respect the next reality. Palau Güell really seems within the movie The Passenger starring Jack Nicholson and Maria Schneider. It additionally occurs to be one other considered one of Gaudí’s UNESCO-designated buildings. In line with Lluis Tolosa, the friendship between Gaudí and his patron and pal, Eusebio Güell, was essential for the event of the artist, and it reveals finest on this constructing.
The proof suggests they paid no heed to the funds and simply delved into their wildest architectural fantasies for this mission, altering plans as much as 30 occasions! We all know this from all of the sketches Gaudi left us with. They initially designed the constructing to function a home the place visitors might additionally keep and even get pleasure from concert events in there. A few of the most well-known options of this constructing are the iron works outstanding everywhere in the façade.
However the palace is most splendid inside and it reveals Gaudí as a tremendous inside designer. He used iron options within the inside as nicely, together with first high quality supplies comparable to hardwood, granite, and marble. If there was any doubt about how a lot cash the Güell household had, I’m assured you’ll perceive while you step inside.
Nevertheless, through the Spanish Civil Warfare, it took a special function. In line with LLuis Tolosa, it was seized from the Güell household and used to carry the barracks and the jail. Ultimately, the household determined to donate it to the native authorities of Barcelona, who handle it at present and use it for example within the Modernisme routes of the town.
Location: Palau Güell
4. Casa Milà (La Pedrera)
1906-1912 | Catalan Modernisme Constructing | Barcelona (Cataluña)
Also referred to as La Pedrera (which means the quarry), this was the final massive mission that Gaudí accomplished earlier than his dying. This constructing can be on the UNESCO World Heritage listing, however what makes this constructing actually particular for historians like me is that we even have an in depth account from the builder who labored with Gaudí on this mission. His identify was Josep Bayó, and due to him, we all know an incredible quantity about this constructing and its historical past.
In line with Juan Bassegoda Nonell, Gaudí envisioned a tremendous mission for his patron Pere Milà, who offered the architect with an enormous piece of land within the Eixample (one of the vital fashionable neighborhoods of Barcelona). The constructing obtained a lot criticism on the time because it didn’t match any of the kinds of the realm. The truth is the identify, “pedrera” suggests that individuals simply noticed it as a bunch of rubble.
No matter what his contemporaries might have thought, Gaudí carried out some unimaginable improvements on this constructing. From an architectural standpoint, this large construction of 1,323 sq. metres has a wholly self-supporting stone façade. Which means there are not any load-bearing partitions! As well as, he put in as many home windows of any dimension he needed, so there’s loads of pure mild.
However one of the vital acknowledged parts of this constructing it the roof. Constructing on what he discovered at Palau Güell, he stuffed the roof with shapes and figures, making it virtually its personal sculptural park on prime of the constructing. You may also acknowledge it since different scenes from The Passenger had been additionally filmed right here, in addition to a scene for Vicky Cristina Barcelona.
Location: Casa Milà
3. Casa Batlló
1904-06 | Catalan Modernisme Constructing | Barcelona (Cataluña)
This constructing is most well-known for its façade, though Gaudí labored on different points of the property too. Regionally, the home is called La Casa dels Ossos: The home of bones. That is because of the visceral look of the façade. The ornament method does have that bone high quality that makes many individuals really feel like it’s—or was—a part of a dwelling creature.
Furthermore, that is maybe essentially the most lovely or efficient use of the trencadis method that we’ve got seen on this listing. The truth is, virtually the entire façade is roofed in mosaic tiles, starting from golden tones to blues.
In line with Hugo Kliczkowski, the lighting impact on the façade as the daylight hits it creates an iridescent impact which contributes to the marvel of this constructing. As well as, the balconies that dot the outside of the constructing create distinction between the scaly textures and the bone aesthetic. You’ll additionally discover the roof tiles are arched, so it appears a bit like a dragon or dinosaur!
Location: Casa Batlló
2. Parc Güell
1900-1914 | Catalan Modernisme Park | Barcelona (Cataluña)
This well-known website can be on the UNESCO World Heritage listing. Eusebi Güell additionally commissioned this to Gaudí, and in line with Kliczkowski, Güell’s inspiration was English backyard landscaping. Due to this fact, he determined to convey that model to the city lifetime of Barcelona and create a backyard metropolis. Nevertheless, the mission was deeply unsuccessful and was a public park in Twenties.
This mission belongs to Gaudí’s naturalist section. Every part that’s artificial on this park displays the identical emotions that nature would in an actual park. In line with Conrad Kent and Dennis Prindle, it’s fascinating that Gaudí managed to create such a “pure house” in an space the place nature was very a lot missing.
The truth is, Parc Güell’s land was a fairly lifeless space—not far off from changing into a wasteland. Furthermore, Marian Moffett, Michael Fazio, and Lawrence Wodehouse say this grew to become the proper playground for somebody like this artist.
At Parc Güell, Gaudi mixed pure kinds together with his creativeness from ample staircases that appear like flowing lava to indirect angles that create whimsical fairytale-like grottos. Lastly, the trencadis method turns into an exquisite use of color all over the place on this complicated. The totally different textures and supplies used to create the totally different separate areas on this park will transport you to a special world, and you’ll overlook that you’re in a somewhat busy metropolis for only a second.
Location: Parc Güell
1. La Sagrada Familia
1882-now | Catalan Modernisme Church | Barcelona (Cataluña)
La Sagrada Família is likely one of the most iconic monuments in Barcelona. Sadly, the constructing was by no means completed as Gaudí died in the midst of its building in 1926. Nevertheless, the town of Barcelona has taken on the duty to proceed the work of the artist based mostly on his plans and sketches they usually carry on engaged on this church that’s like no different on the planet.
There are a lot of the explanation why this church is one of the best of Gaudí’s work. As you could have seen, plainly he at all times used earlier tasks to enhance or check methods that later seem totally fleshed in a special place. So, arguably, La Sagrada Família is the ultimate piece of his architectural design puzzle.
From an architectural viewpoint, one of the vital wonderful points of this constructing is that it doesn’t have a single straight (or 90 diploma) angle! It additionally has 9 recognizable spires which might be just like the distinctive constructions and chimneys Gaudí did for a few of his different buildings—however exponentially greater.
Lastly, though the constructing is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage listing, it’s only the crypt and the Nativity façade which might be a part of the preserved construction. If you wish to know the total story behind La Sagrada Família, learn our article on it right here.
Location: La Sagrada Família