Africa’s pure gasoline sources present the continent with a chance to hurry up the power transition, scale back emissions and deforestation whereas on the identical time addressing power safety
Regardless of having 620 trillion cubic ft of pure gasoline reserves, Africa’s over reliance on wood-based biomass power stays excessive, leading to a rise in land degradation, deforestation and greenhouse gasoline emissions, and in over 900 million folks throughout the continent dwelling with out entry to wash cooking. Nevertheless, if absolutely optimized and exploited, the continent’s pure gasoline sources current a chance for Africa to deal with environmental destruction, guarantee clear cooking for its inhabitants whereas additionally guaranteeing power safety and financial development.
With over 81% of households in sub-Saharan Africa counting on wood-based biomass power for cooking, the World Well being Group has linked tens of millions of deaths in rural Africa to indoor emissions ensuing from the continued and elevated use of biomass. On this regard, international locations resembling Nigeria, Malawi, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe, the place biomass use is especially excessive attributable to restricted entry to dependable electrical energy, might increase the exploitation of liquefied petroleum gasoline (LPG) to make sure clear cooking for the inhabitants whereas additionally enhancing power entry.
With over 600 million in Africa dwelling in power poverty, leading to elevated use of wood-based biomass to fulfill every day power wants, increasing the continent’s gasoline market will assist speed up electrification whereas lowering stress on the nationwide grid. South Africa has taken a daring transfer on this regard with the federal government just lately approving the Division of Mineral Assets and Vitality’s LPG Rollout Technique, designed to leverage LPG to diversify the power combine for power safety, affordability and decarbonization causes. With Africa looking for to realize common entry to power, the continued reliance on wood-based biomass stays a menace to enhancing power entry. With the United Nations Surroundings Programme predicting that over 65% of the inhabitants in sub-Saharan Africa will nonetheless depend on wooden gasoline for cooking by 2050, the time for Africa to speculate extra in its gasoline market is now.
Moreover, with the reliance on biomass, the continent’s industrialisation and financial development is proscribed. Biomass represents an insufficient power useful resource to energy business, therefore, the necessity for Africa to prioritize the event and enlargement of its gasoline market to gasoline its industries whereas enhancing power entry and championing its local weather stewardship is evident, now greater than ever.
The African Vitality Chamber (AEC), because the voice of the African power sector, strongly advocates for the scaling up of gasoline funding and growth throughout Africa, recognizing the position the useful resource performs in enhancing power entry and safety, whereas enabling emission and deforestation discount.
“With the elevated use of pure gasoline, the African continent is properly positioned to realize power independence, safety and decarbonization targets on the identical time lowering emissions and the destruction of our forests. Africa must give you new methods to fund and fast-track the exploitation of its gasoline sources to realize this. Not solely will gasoline assist scale back emissions but additionally gives African governments with much-needed GDP to fund the expansion of the general economic system,” acknowledged NJ Ayuk, the Government Chairman of the AEC.